Starry Stonewort

Starry Stonewort

Starry stonewort (Nitellopsis obtusa) can be found in slow moving rivers, lakes and ponds at depths of 3 to 95 ft. It prefers waters that are relatively high in calcium and phosphorus. In Vermont, starry stonewort is documented in Lake Memphremagog and Lake Derby.

European Frogbit

European Frogbit

European frogbit (Hydrocharis morsus-ranae) prefers calcium-rich, quiet waters such as marshes, swamps, ponds, slow-moving rivers and lakes, sheltered inlets and bays, and ditches. In Vermont, frogbit has been documented in southern Lake Champlain, Shelburne Pond, the Winooski River delta, the islands region of Lake Champlain, and Mississquoi Bay.

Purple Loosestrife

Purple loosestrife

Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) is usually found in wetlands, marshes, river and stream sides, roadside ditches, culverts, and lake and pond shores. However, loosestrife can also grow in drier soils such as those of meadows, pastureland, and home gardens. In Vermont, purple loosestrife has the highest densities in Essex county but can also be found in Chittenden, Addison, Washington, and Windsor counties.

Glossy Buckthorn

Glossy Buckthorn

Glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus) tolerates a wide variety of conditions but thrives best in wet or moist soils and is therefore found in wetlands, bogs, river and streambank habitats, and wet meadows. However, it can also grow in drier habitats such as forests, fields, roadsides, and disturbed areas. In Vermont, glossy buckthorn occurs in all counties, but is most common in Rutland, Windsor, Chittenden, Caledonia, and Essex counties.  



There are two types of non-native, invasive barberry, Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii) and common barberry (Berberis vulgaris). They are both sun and shade tolerant and can therefore grow in many places including closed canopy and open woods, forest borders, fields, wetlands, and roadsides. In Vermont, barberry is most prevalent in Chittenden and Windsor counties.

LIEP Invasive Species Program

Vermont landscape

LIEP into action for invasive species control. Learn what you can do to manage and protect your land and Vermont from these harmful species.

Not all species of plants and animals in Vermont are native. Many non-natives, such as honey bees and apple trees, have become part of the Vermont landscape without causing harm.

Private Land and Public Access

Vermont's tradition of open access is as old as statehood, and the values that support this tradition are fundamental to our strong sense of community. However, allowing hunting or any public use on your land is, ultimately, a privilege only you can grant. 

Licenses for Military Personnel

Vermont offers no-cost or reduced cost licenses for active military personnel as our way of saying thank you for your service.


Man in SnowAny resident of Vermont who certifies that he or she is:

Reciprocal Licenses

Reciprocal fishing licenses enhance fishing opportunities on Lake Champlain and the Connecticut River.

Lake Champlain

Lake Champlain Map

Anglers who hold a fishing license from either New York or Vermont are able to fish in most of the big lake.


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Vermont Department of Fish & Wildlife
Commissioner Louis Porter

1 National Life Drive
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Montpelier, VT 05620-3702

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The mission of the Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department is the conservation of all species of fish, wildlife, and plants and their habitats for the people of Vermont.