Animals

Chronic Wasting Disease

To date, Chronic Wasting Disease has not been detected in any deer populations within Vermont.

What is Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD)?

Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a fatal neurological (brain and nervous system) disease found in deer, elk, caribou, and moose (cervids) populations in certain geographical locations in North America. CWD is caused by a mutant protein, called a prion.

Zebra Mussels

Zebra Mussels

Zebra mussels are typically found in infested lakes and rivers attached to hard surfaces including rocks, other mussels, plant stems, docks, boats, and pipes. In Vermont, they have become established in Lake Champlain and Lake Bomoseen.

Spiny Waterflea

Spiny Waterflea

Spiny waterfleas (Bythotrephes longimanus) are typically found in areas of deep, cold, open water. In Vermont, spiny waterfleas are currently found in Lake Champlain.

Asian Clam

Asian Clam

Asian Clams (Corbicula fluminea) prefer sand or fine gravel substrates in lakes and rivers that contain high levels of oxygen. In Vermont, Asian clams are currently only found in Lake Bomoseen.

Alewife

Alewife

In their native range, alewives (Alosa pseudoharengus) are a saltwater fish that swim up freshwater rivers and streams to spawn. Landlocked populations are able to complete their entire life cycle in freshwater and are usually considered invasive. Alewives are found in deep, open waters except during spawning season when they move to shallower waters in bays and tributaries. In Vermont, alewives are established in Lake Champlain and Lake St. Catherine.

Aquatic Invasive Animals

Use LIEP to learn more about common aquatic invasive animal species found in Vermont waters. 

Aquatic invasive animal species impact Vermont's ecosystems and recreational opportunities. These species can harm native animal populations and limit fishing and boating activities. However, there are many steps you can take to prevent the spread of these species and protect Vermont's waters. 

Raccoon Roundworm

What Is Raccoon Roundworm?

Raccoon roundworm is the common large roundworm or ascarid found in the small intestinal tract of raccoons. Adult worms measure six to eight inches in length and about 0.4 inch in width. They are tan-white in color, cylindrical and taper at both ends.

Raccoon roundworm is common in raccoons in the Northeast and Midwest. Forty to sixty percent of raccoon may carry this parasite.

Lyme Disease

What Is Lyme Disease?

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that features a skin rash, swollen joints and flu-like symptoms.  The number of reported cases in Vermont has steadily increased since 2005. Lyme disease cases have been reported from every county, although most cases occur in the southern and western regions of the state.

How Is Lyme Disease Transmitted?

Be Tick Smart

be tick smart logo

Tickborne illnesses are most frequently transmitted between early spring and late fall since ticks are most active during warm months. Be tick smart and follow these four recommendations to decrease your risk of infection.

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Vermont Department of Fish & Wildlife
Commissioner Louis Porter

1 National Life Drive
Fish & Wildlife LogoDavis 2
Montpelier, VT 05620-3702
802-828-1000
fwinformation@vermont.gov

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The mission of the Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department is the conservation of all species of fish, wildlife, and plants and their habitats for the people of Vermont.