Eastern Bobcat

Two "wildcats" are found in Vermont, the eastern bobcat (Lynx rufus rufus) and the Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis canadensis). The eastern bobcat is sometimes referred to as the bay lynx, while the Canada lynx is referred to simply as the lynx.

Black Bear

Black Bear

The black bear (Ursus americanus) is the smallest of the three bear species found in North America. It is the only bear found in Vermont.

Black bears are members of the order Carnivora, which also includes dogs, cats, weasels, and raccoons.


Castor canadensis, is the largest rodent in North America. It is easily recognized by its large, flat, bare, scaled tail and fully webbed rear feet.

Beaver range in North America includes most of the United States and southern Canada. The beaver had an important role in early colonization of North America, as trappers came in search of pelts.

American Marten

pine marten

Marten have long, slender bodies with pointed faces, small prominent ears, short legs, and long furry tails. They are roughly the size of their more aquatic relative, the mink, attaining lengths up to 25 inches and weights up to 2.5 pounds.

Males are slightly larger than females. Although color can vary considerably, marten fur is often described as reddish-brown on the torso becoming darker, almost black on the legs and tail.


Moose (Alces alces) antlers grow at an amazing rate, sometimes over one-half inch per day, and their front feet can be lifted nearly shoulder high, enabling it to travel easily over fallen trees and through deep snow. Moose are excellent swimmers and can dive up to 18 feet for their preferred foods.


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Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department
Commissioner Christopher Herrick

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The mission of the Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department is the conservation of all species of fish, wildlife, and plants and their habitats for the people of Vermont.