Safety

Rabies

What Is Rabies?

Rabies, sometimes known as hydrophobia, is a deadly disease of the brain. It is the most important wildlife disease risk to humans and pets in Vermont. Although rabies is a virus that is 100% fatal if not treated, it is also 100% preventable.

Chronic Wasting Disease

To date, Chronic Wasting Disease has not been detected in any deer populations within Vermont.

What is Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD)?

Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a fatal neurological (brain and nervous system) disease found in deer, elk, caribou, and moose (cervids) populations in certain geographical locations in North America. CWD is caused by a mutant protein, called a prion.

Fish Importation Permit

Importing fish is regulated to protect the health of Vermont's fish populations and prevent the introduction of fish and fish diseases that could harm the state’s fisheries.

The importation and possession of fish species in Vermont is controlled through a permitting process.  A Fish Importation Permit is required before importing or possessing certain fish in Vermont.

Review the following lists to determine if a permit is required.

Raccoon Roundworm

What Is Raccoon Roundworm?

Raccoon roundworm is the common large roundworm or ascarid found in the small intestinal tract of raccoons. Adult worms measure six to eight inches in length and about 0.4 inch in width. They are tan-white in color, cylindrical and taper at both ends.

Raccoon roundworm is common in raccoons in the Northeast and Midwest. Forty to sixty percent of raccoon may carry this parasite.

Lyme Disease

What Is Lyme Disease?

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that features a skin rash, swollen joints and flu-like symptoms.  The number of reported cases in Vermont has steadily increased since 2005. Lyme disease cases have been reported from every county, although most cases occur in the southern and western regions of the state.

How Is Lyme Disease Transmitted?

Be Tick Smart

be tick smart logo

Tickborne illnesses are most frequently transmitted between early spring and late fall since ticks are most active during warm months. Be tick smart and follow these four recommendations to decrease your risk of infection.

Canine Distemper

What Is Canine Distemper?

Canine distemper is a highly contagious viral disease of wild and domestic carnivores.  The virus is widespread and has a broad host range among North American carnivores including the mink, striped skunks, fishers, red and gray fox, raccoons, coyotes, and weasels.  Mortality is higher in juveniles than adults.

If You Encounter a Bear

A sitting bear Seeing a black bear can be an exciting, and for some people, a nerve-wracking event. These recommendations are meant to be general and cover the basic types of human-bear interactions that can occur. Encounters vary greatly, and all situations are different.

Black bears are large, strong wild animals that should be treated with respect and appreciated from a distance to ensure your safety as well as the bear’s.

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Vermont Department of Fish & Wildlife
Commissioner Louis Porter

1 National Life Drive
Fish & Wildlife LogoDavis 2
Montpelier, VT 05620-3702
802-828-1000
fwinformation@vermont.gov

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The mission of the Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department is the conservation of all species of fish, wildlife, and plants and their habitats for the people of Vermont.