Fishing Lines

While an entire tackle set-up is key to landing your fish of choice, few will argue the importance of using the right fishing line for each situation or application.

Fishing Line and Lure

Fish Habits and Habitats

Having a basic understanding of common fish behaviors and habitats is essential to maximizing your time on the water and giving yourself the best chance for angling success.

While each species has its own specific habits and preferred habitats, there are a few universal themes that can often be applied to various types of fish.

Common Lures and Rigs

While today’s angling community has access to a seemingly endless assortment of fishing lures and rigs for varying species, bodies of waters, habitats, water and weather conditions, and fishing techniques, here is a list of some of the more common lures and rigs utilized by anglers of all types.

Mid-Depth Lures and Rigs - Spinner Baits

Spinnerbaits are baitfish-imitating lures, and well-known for their ability to create aggressive reaction strikes from many species of fish.

Spinner Bait

  • Suggested Seasonal Use: Year-round, open water

  • Species: All species

Casting Techniques

Casting Technique

Sound casting techniques will ultimately allow for a better lure presentation, more effective lure retrieve and a more successful and enjoyable time on the water!

To help get you started on your next fishing adventure, we’ve provided a few basic tutorial videos on casting various types of rod and reel combinations.

Fishing Basics

In the sport of fishing, an angler’s equipment and understanding of fish behavior and habitats are two of the most important elements toward a fulfilling fishing adventure.

Similarly, understanding how to properly clean, prep and cook your catch can also impact your fishing experience, as can knowing how to correctly release a fish back into the water to be caught another day.

Top Water Lures and Rigs - Floating Soft Plastics

A diverse assortment of baits, floating soft plastic lures come in a range of shapes, sizes, colors and textures.

Soft Plastics

  • Suggested Seasonal Use: Open water; late-spring, summer and early fall

  • Species: All species

Bottom Lures - Carolina Rig

Similar in concept to a split-shot rig in that this setup features a weight or multiple weights well ahead of a baited hook, a Carolina rig has become known as a great tool for efficiently covering various types of bottom structure.

Carolina Rig

  • Suggested Seasonal Use: Year-round, open water

Master Angler Program

Master Angler Program

Vermont’s Master Angler program recognizes an angler’s accomplishment in catching a large fish and the fish's accomplishment in surviving and growing to an exceptional size.

Here’s a way to enhance your angling experience is by challenging yourself to catch a variety of "exceptionally-sized" fish species.

Tagged Fish Reporting Program

tagged salmon

Fisheries biologists may tag and release certain fish species collected during fish population surveys or research projects. Currently, department fisheries biologists are tagging Lake Champlain trout and salmon with individually numbered plastic anchor tags.

floyd anchor tag


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Vermont Department of Fish & Wildlife
Commissioner Louis Porter

1 National Life Drive
Fish & Wildlife LogoDewey Building
Montpelier, VT 05620-3208

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